"The remarkable story of how Australia was colonised by the British rather than the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch or the French"

Why Australia was settled by the British and not by her competitors

Author

Jim  

Jim Bain AM, a leader of Sydney’s financial community for over forty years, was Chairman of the Sydney Stock Exchange, the Australian Associated Stock Exchanges and of Bain & Company, stockbrokers.

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Introduction

As this book only covers the European discoveries of Australia, I would like to acknowledge the indigenous Australians who occupied our vast continent from as long as 50,000 to 60,000 years ago.

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The Book

In the late 1400s, under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal developed into a leader in the discovery of new oceans and islands. However, in 1580, the Spanish invaded Portugal and the country became subservient to the Spanish Crown.

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Captain Arthur Phillip

Captain Arthur Phillip

Sir Joseph Banks

Sir Joseph Banks

The Landing at Sydney Cove

Leslie Arthur Wilcox’s painting – The Landing at Sydney Cove

French engraving of Aboriginal men

French engraving of Aboriginal men from the Nepean River region

Laperouse

Laperouse

Arthur Phillip Bicentenary Plate

Arthur Phillip’s Bicentenary Plate Founding Colony In Australia – 1788

A map of Portugal showing the locations of Sagres and Lagos

Prince Henry’s great ambition was to find a sea passage to Asia, especially to India and...

The Route of the First Fleet to Australia, May 1787–January 1788

The Route of the First Fleet to Australia, May 1787–January 1788. The First Fleet...

Chart of Tasman’s second voyage to Australia in 1644

Abel Tasman discovered Van Diemen’s Land during his 1642 voyage to Australia.

Louis-Claude de Freycinet’s 1811 map of Australia

Louis-Claude de Freycinet’s 1811 map of Australia. After their return to France,...

Map of Yves-Joseph de Kerguélen- Trémairec’s voyage, 1772

Map of Yves-Joseph de Kerguélen- Trémairec’s voyage, 1772. Yves-Joseph de...

Map of Louis Antonine de Bougainville’s voyage in the South Seas

Map of Louis Antonine de Bougainville’s voyage in the South Seas. Louis Antoine de...

Melchisédech Thévenot Map

Melchisédech Thévenot’s 1664 map An early map by a French scientist and cartographer...

A world map by Joan Blaeu, dated 1664

Although Tasman’s charts were held in secret by the zealous Dutch Government for many...

Java la Grande, Copy of 1530 Dauphin Chart of Australia

This is a facsimile map of Java la Grande from the Dauphin Chart. The original is...

Map of the Spice Islands created in the 17th century

This map showing the main Spice Islands is by Claes Jansz Vissher and dated 1617.

A map of Western Sahara showing the location of Cape Boujdour

By the early 1400s, Portugal had established itself as a seafaring nation with...

A map of Morocco showing the location of Ceuta

Prince Henry the Navigator changed maritime history.  He was the third son of King John...